A) Medical and Treatment Activities across Iran:
Taking into account the relief and treatment mandates in disaster management , auxiliary support to the Iranian health care system, as well as rendering of health services to the needy and deprived people, the IRCS Health, Treatment and Rehabilitation Division has established 20 clinics in 16 provinces of the country to meet the requirements of the patients with experienced physicians and staff in different sections such as general physician, emergency, dentistry, laboratory, radiology and Sonography. Furthermore, the vaccination (Meningitis & Influenza) of the Hajj pilgrims is performed by the Division in 199 centres. The Division is supporting the National Society’s relief activities in time of disasters.
B) Treatment Activities Abroad:
The National Society, as part of its humanitarian activities abroad and in attempts to alleviate the human sufferings, has established three (3) hospitals in the United Arab Emirates, Lebanon and Bolivia and equipped medical centres in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Zimbabwe, Sudan, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Niger and Comoros. These centres are monitored by Divisions of Health, Treatment and Medicine & Medical Devices. All requirements of these centres in pharmaceuticals, medical devices and technical medical staff are met by the Division. In addition to the above, medical and relief devices are frequently dispatched to the affected areas of the world.
C) Health Department:
A Committee headed by the President of the IRCS as the Chairman, the Society’s Under Secretary General for Health, Treatment and Rehabilitation as the Secretary and some heads of Iranian Red Crescent’s Organisations and Departments is responsible for conducting & monitoring the National Society’s campaigns on fighting with HIV/AIDS at national level. In this regard, the three strategies in the National Society’s plan of action include:
a) Information & training
b) Counselling & voluntary test
c) Protection (the infectious person & family)
Also, the National Society’s Health, Treatment and Rehabilitation Centre has trained and equipped the reproductive Health Teams in disasters. Sixty teams have already been trained, 40 teams out of which enjoy full equipment for rendering Reproductive Health Services in disasters. Since 2002, the vaccination of more than 3 to 4 millions of Hajj pilgrims as well as the pilgrims of other holy places has been performed by this Centre.
1. Medicine and Medical Activities:
The Division is monitoring the function and activities of the National Society in 31 pharmaceutical centres in 26 provinces. These centres are responsible for the provision of the medicine needed for the patients and annually receive more than 1.5 million prescriptions. It is also responsible for the provision of medicines & medical supplies for the clinics of the National Society abroad as well as the provision of medicines & medical supplies for the National Society’s operational teams & medical units in the disaster affected areas.
2. Rehabilitation Activities:
A) The National Society has set up 16 orthopaedic centres in 14 provinces on mechanical rehabilitation.
B) Physical Rehabilitation Centres:
The Division is running 31 physiotherapy centres in 22 provinces, 10 vocational therapy centres in 4 provinces, 3 centres for audiometric services in 5 provinces, 8 speech therapy in 5 provinces, one hydrotherapy, 2 nutrition clinics in 2 provinces, 1 neurology centre, 1 hypnotic clinic that is unique for its fully equipped facilities as well as 141 mechanotherapy centres in 30 provinces and one ADL clinic.
3. Emergency Treatment Activities:
With the mission of supporting the life & health of human beings, the aim of the Division for emergency unit is to raise the National Society’s capacity in emergency treatment services. This Division is located in one of the departments in Health, Treatment and Rehabilitation centre which is responsible for rendering the emergency treatment services in the various disasters at three following levels:
The Medical Emergency Response Team includes the personnel of physicians, nurses and technicians as well as portable equipment and directly begins the emergency treatment services together with the research & rescue operation at the early time of disaster for reducing mortality & morbidity of the affected people. In other words, these teams are special teams for the emergency treatment operation in the affected area and/or Red Zone.
The AMP-Advanced Medical Post is located in the affected regions in golden time of disaster rescue and relief & the second triage is performed in place as well as all the dispatched injuries are under the treatment of Medical Emergency Response Unit. These bases have the intermediary role between the Medical Emergency Response Team and Mobile Hospital and are located in Yellow Zone. They should be changed into Basic Health Care Unit (BHCU) after the first week.
The mobile hospitals are located near to the affected areas, in other words in Green Zone and the different specialised treatment teams render their services. At present, the IRCS is equipped with 100 beds hospital to be used in different areas and during the various disasters. This hospital continues to work round the clock until the running of the fixed health centres.
All emergency treatment services of the National Society are coordinated with the Ministry of Health and the IRCS can support the government in rendering relief services to the people & possible vulnerable groups.
In three missions of IRCS abroad in the disasters of Pakistan and Indonesia as well as war in Lebanon over the past year, the main human resources have been selected among the honoured volunteers of the country’s medical community.